Archive for April, 2011

Combat Tactics: (Economy of Movement)

Posted in Tactical Applications on April 17, 2011 by policetac

“The only practitioner who can beat a Wing Chun practitioner is a better, faster, Wing Chun practitioner.” Yip Man

Wing Chun allows one the possibility of overcoming an opponent’s inherent superior speed by applying the principles of the art. Wing Chun does not rely on physical build, but on a logical sequence of economic movements.

Yip Man taught that in Wing Chun, there are several types of speed. If you cannot overcome your opponent with one type of speed, you can beat him with another.
In the Wing Chun theorys of speed there are four areas of concern:

SPEED: The type of speed normally refered to during a punch or kick. Calculated in feet per second. Improvable with consistant practice.

DIRECT MOVEMENT: Straight-line theory states simply that “The shortest distance between two points is a straight line.” A straight punch is shorter and quicker than a swing or a hook punch.

READINESS: In Wing Chun, the power is not generated just by the moving hand or leg, so there is no need to chamber or cock the attacking leg or arm. When one typicly throws a heavy punch or powerful kick, it’s common to cock back or “chamber” the leg or arm before execution of the movement. This not only telegraphs the move, but also wastes valuable time and motion.

TRAINED REFLEXIVE REACTION: Reaction without thinking. Good form with all the techniques, without proper reflex and feeling of balance development training, leaves actual combat skills ineffective. Chi Sao technique drills, (two people) must be drilled over and over, until they become habit or “second nature”. After “muscle memory” has been developed.


Combat Tactics: (History of Wing Chun)

Posted in Tactical Applications on April 17, 2011 by policetac

By: Richard Brown

This article written by Grandmaster Yip Man is also found in “Form, Style, or Art” of this blog. It will serve as a general introduction to Wing Chun as well as various other art forms for comparison.

In the next series of articles I will be focusing on the different trainings included in Wing Chun, and most traditionally instructed martial arts systems.

But first…..

From: “The Origins of Wing Chun”
By: Grandmaster Yip Man
The founder of the Wing Chun Kung Fu System, Miss Yim Wing Chun was a native of Canton [Kwangtung Province] in China. She was an intelligent and athletic young girl, upstanding and forthright. Her mother died soon after her betrothal to Leung Bok Chau, a salt merchant of Fukien. Her father, Yim Yee, was wrongfully accused of a crime and, rather than risk jail, they slipped away and finally settled down at the foot of Tai Leung Mountain near the border between Yunan and Szechuan provinces. There they earned a living by running a shop that sold bean curd.
During the reign of Emperor K’anghsi of the Ching Dynasty (1662-1722) Kung Fu became very strong in the Siu Lam [Shaolin] Monastery of Mt. Sung, in Honan Province. This aroused the fear of the Manchu government [a non-Chinese people from Manchuria in the North, who ruled China at that time], which sent troops to attack the Monastery. Although they were unsuccessful, a man named Chan Man Wai, a recently appointed civil servant seeking favor with the government, suggested a plan.

He plotted with Siu Lam monk Ma Ning Yee and others who were persuaded to betray their companions by setting fire to the monastery while soldiers attacked it from the outside. Siu Lam was burned down, and the monks and disciples scattered. Buddhist Abbess Ng Mui, Abbot Chi Shin, Abbot Pak Mei, Master Fung To Tak and Master Miu Hin escaped and went their separate ways.

Ng Mui took refuge in the White Crane Temple on Mt. Tai Leung [also known as Mt. Chai Har]. It was there she met Yim Yee and his daughter Wing Chun from whom she often bought bean curd on her way home from the market. At fifteen, with her hair bound up in the custom of those days to show she was of an age to marry, Wing Chun‘s beauty attracted the attention of a local bully. He tried to force Wing Chun to marry him, and his continuous threats became a source of worry to her and her father. Ng Mui learned of this and took pity on Wing Chun. She agreed to teach Wing Chun fighting techniques so she could protect herself. Wing Chun followed Ng Mui into the mountains, and began to learn Kung Fu. She trained night and day, until she mastered the techniques. Then she challenged the bully to a fight and beat him.

Ng Mui later traveled around the country, but before she left she told Wing Chun to strictly honor the Kung Fu traditions, to develop her Kung Fu after her marriage, and to help the people working to overthrow the Manchu government and restore the Ming Dynasty.

After her marriage Wing Chun taught Kung Fu to her husband Leung Bok Chau. He in turn passed these techniques on to Leung Lan Kwai. Leung Lan Kwai then passed them on to Wong Wah Bo. Wong Wah Bo was a member of an opera troupe on board a junk, known to Chinese as the Red Junk. Wong worked on the Red Junk with Leung Yee Tei. It so happened that Abbot Chi Shin, who fled from Siu Lam, had disguised himself as a cook and was then working on the Red Junk. Chi Shin taught the Six-and-a-half-point Long Pole techniques to Leung Yee Tei. Wong Wah Bo was close to Leung Yee Tei, and they shared what they knew about Kung Fu. Together they shared and improved their techniques, and thus the Six-and-a-half-point Long Pole was incorporated into Wing Chun Kung Fu. Leung Yee Tei passed his Kung Fu on to Leung Jan, a well known herbal Doctor in Fat Shan. Leung Jan grasped the innermost secrets of Wing Chun, attaining the highest level of proficiency. Many Kung Fu masters came to challenge him, but all were defeated. Leung Jan became very famous. Later he passed his Kung Fu on to Chan Wah Shan, who took me and my elder Kung Fu brothers, such as Ng Siu Lo, Ng Chung So, Chan Yu Min and Lui Yu Jai, as his students many decades ago.

It can thus be said that the Wing Chun System was passed on to us in a direct line of succession from its origin. I write this history of the Wing Chun System in respectful memory of my forerunners. I am eternally grateful to them for passing to me the skills I now possess. A man should always think of the source of the water as he drinks it; it is this shared feeling that keeps our Kung Fu brothers together.

Is this not the way to promote Kung Fu, and to project the image of our country?

Yip Man

Combat Tactics: (Tactical Martial Arts)

Posted in Tactical Applications on April 7, 2011 by policetac

By: Richard Brown

“The clever combatant imposes his will on the enemy, but does not allow the enemy’s will to be imposed on him.”Sun Tzu

What are, “Tactical Martial Arts?

Tactical Martial Arts: Are specific, modern, concepts, applications, proceedures, or techniques that are applied utilizing traditional and formal martial arts styles and art forms. Incorporating ideas with physical action to create and conduct decisive, offensive and defensive operations, whether they are situations, goals,targets, target areas, or situational outcomes.

Tactician: An individual devoted to mastering the science and art of tactics.

The science of tactics: That which encompasses the understanding of the concepts and aspects of tactics capabilities, techniques, and procedures that can be measured and codified.

The science of tactics include:
*Understanding the physical capabilities of opponents and systems. (human psychology, physiology, and applicable “group” dynamics)
*Known techniques and procedures used to accomplish specific tasks. (takedowns, restraint, immobilization, dynamic control)
*Integration of conceptual ideas into practical, workable, applications that can be utilized repeatedly, consistantly, and effectively to achieve greater effect. (development)
*Tactical terminology and control graphics that comprise the language of tactics. (training and instruction)
*Working knowledge of how known or unknown variables, limitations, physical and procedural constraints are taken into consideration.

While not easy, the science of tactics is fairly straightforward. However, because combat is an intensely human activity the solution to tactical problems cannot be reduced to a formula. This realization necessitates the study of the “art” of tactics.

The art of tactics: The product or process of deliberately arranging items (often with symbolic significance) in a way that influences and affects one or more of the senses, emotions, and intellect. Traditionally, the term art was used to refer to any skill or mastery.

An art, as opposed to a science, requires exercising intuitive faculties that cannot be learned solely by study. The tactician must temper his study and evolve his skill through a variety of relevant, practical experiences. The more experience the tactician gains from practice under a variety of circumstances, the greater his mastery of the art of tactics.

The tactician must be able to invoke the art of tactics in “real-time” or when necessary in order to confront obstacles, constraints, or variables that may interfere in the sucessful completion of an employed tactic or strategy. To make confident decisions under conditions of uncertainty when faced with an intelligent enemy.

Combat is one of the most complex human activities, characterized by violent death, friction, uncertainty, and chance. Success depends at least as much on this human aspect as it does on any tactical or technological superiority.

“Strategy without tactics is the slowest route to victory. Tactics without strategy is the noise before defeat.”(Sun Tzu)