By: Richard Brown

Underlying all combatives techniques are principles the hand-to-hand fighter must apply to successfully defeat an opponent. The natural progression of techniques, as presented, will instill these principles.

Mental Calm: During a fight a combatant must keep the ability to think. Fear or anger must not control one’s actions.
Situational Awareness: Things are often going on around the combatants that could have a direct impact on the outcome of the combat situation. Such as opportunity, weapons, or other personnel creating interference.
Suppleness: A combatant cannot always count on being the biggest or strongest participant. One should, therefore, never try to oppose their opponent in a direct test of strength.
Supple misdirection of the opponent’s strength allows superior technique and fight strategy to overcome superior strength.
Base: Base refers to the posture that allows a one to gain leverage from the ground. Generally, a fighter must keep their center of gravity low and their base wide, much like a pyramid.
Dominant Body Position: Position refers to the location of the fighter’s body in relation to his opponent’s. A vital principle when fighting is to gain control of the opponent by controlling this relationship. Before any secondary technique can be applied, the combatant must first gain and maintain one of the dominant body positions. (Back mount, front mount, guard)
Distance: Each technique has a window of effectiveness based upon the amount of space between the two combatants. The fighter must control the distance between
themselves and the opponent in order to control the fight.
Physical Balance: Balance refers to the ability to maintain equilibrium and to remain in a stable upright position.
Leverage: A fighter uses the parts of their body to create a natural mechanical advantage over the parts of the opponent’s body. By using leverage, a fighter can have a greater effect on a much larger opponent.


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